Windsor chairs were developed in the late 17th century named after the local big town of Windsor, Berkshire, England. Windsors are the most copied design around the world and still the most popular chair.
George Washington himself fancied Windsor chairs – with a recorded 27 Windsor chairs at his Mount Vernon home. Thomas Jefferson is said to have written a draft of the Declaration of Independence while seated in a Windsor. When the Declaration was signed in Philadelphia’s Independence Hall on July 4, 1776, the assembly sat in Windsors. Windsors come in a variety of styles, including armchairs, side chairs, rockers, and are usually identified by the style- “low back”, “comb back”, “bow back.”
British Windsor chairs were frequently left unpainted compared to the but American Windsors which were always painted. This paint would be milk paint, often a light color then coated with linseed oil for protection of the fragile paint. With wear this paint wears off around the edges and displays wear pattern that reveals the paint colors underneath.